Human trafficking is the unlawful act of transporting or coercing people to benefit from their work or service, typically in the form of forced labor or sexual exploitation. Human trafficking is a problem worldwide, especially in countries such as China, Eritrea, and North Korea. The United States is considered to rank first for its efforts against human trafficking with many laws in place to prevent it. The U.S. Department of State estimates that 14,500 to 17,500 people are trafficked into the United States each year.
Human trafficking happens all over the world with the leading countries being China with 600,000 cases, Eritrea with 25,000 to 30,000 cases, and Iran estimated to be in the couple thousand too. It is estimated that worldwide there are anywhere from 700,000 to 1,000,000 cases of human trafficking. There are a couple of different causes of human trafficking mainly manual labor and sex work. The people most likely to be trafficked are runaway and homeless youth, children and youth in foster care, individuals fleeing violence or natural disasters, and those who have suffered other types of abuse or exploitation. The average age for some to start being trafficked is sadly only 12 years old, Although someone of any age is at risk.